A truck produced by the Volvo Group is largely recyclable, since almost 85 percent of its weight it consists of metal – mostly iron, steel and aluminum. The additional materials are mainly plastic, rubber and material from electronics components.Today approximately 30 percent of a truck is produced from recycled material. Despite the large recyclability of the products, virgin material is needed to ensure quality and solidity. Disassembly facilities are available where trucks and buses can be disassembled for recycling and where reusable product parts can be harvested. Dismantling manuals to support this are available.
At the remanufacturing centers, material that is damaged and does not meet the quality standard to be reused is sorted, recycled or destroyed. Metallic materials are sent to local recycling centers. Some of the steel and iron is sent directly to one of the Volvo Group’s foundry in Skövde, Sweden. Oil spill and chemical solid waste are gathered to be used as an energy resource. Old packaging material, plastic, carbon boxes and paper are gathered and either sold to recycling centers or used as an energy resource. Untreatable wastes are sent to an external contractor, and then handled in accordance with legally valid regulations.
In some of the centers the recycling process has been further developed. Smoke emitted from engine test cells, burning operations, paint booths, suction tables for brushing and battery charging zones are filtered through a gas washer. Water from washing machines is cleaned by using an evaporator or ultra-filtration. The water is then reused in washers again and is clean enough to be distributed to the public sanitary network if needed.