Fuel consumption and exhaust emissions
In this chapter:
The Volvo Group is closely monitoring and participating in the development of forthcoming greenhouse gas-related regulations for heavy-duty vehicles. Fuel consumption has already been regulated in China, and Japan will follow in 2015. Taiwan and South Korea are also considering regulations.
The US will introduce a greenhouse gas-emission regulation in 2014, and a corresponding fuel consumption regulation in 2016. Volvo and Mack trucks have already received certifications for meeting the 2014 greenhouse gas regulation.
The Group is also monitoring and participating in the EU debate regarding greenhouse gas and fuel consumption certification of heavy-duty vehicles. There is no legislation for buses and trucks yet, but there are targets for the transport sector as a whole.
The European Union targets a reduction of greenhouse gases of 20 percent by 2030, based on 2008 levels, and at least 60 percent by 2050, with 1990 as the baseline. In urban transport, the target is to achieve essentially carbon dioxide-neutral city logistics in major urban centers by 2030.
The European Union has stated that new technologies for vehicles including engines, material and design, and traffic management features as well as cleaner energy use through new fuels and drivelines are necessary to reduce transportation related emissions. These are all prioritized research areas within the Volvo Group with significant resources dedicated to them.