The introduction of increasingly strict emission regulations, primarily focusing on nitrogen oxides and particulates, has meant that the emissions caused by vehicles sold in the market today are at very low levels. For example, the Euro 6 legislation, that came into effect in the EU at the end of 2013 entails that emissions of nitrogen oxides and particulate matter from new trucks will be reduced by more than 95% compared to a truck from the early 1990s. During the year, Volvo Group introduced new trucks with a Euro 6 engine program ranging from the smallest medium-duty 5-liter engine to the heavy-duty 13-liter version.
But what is the next step? Rules were introduced in the U.S. that approximately corresponded to Euro 6 already in 2010. Starting with model year 2014 greenhouse gas emissions and fuel consumption are regulated, targeting considerable improvements against a 2010 baseline. All of the Volvo Group’s truck models in the U.S., both Mack and Volvo branded, are certified in accordance with 2014 fuel efficiency and greenhouse gas regulations.
The EU target is that greenhouse gases are to be reduced by a total of 20% between 2008 and 2030, and by at least 60% by 2050 with 1990 as the base year. The target for city transport is largely carbon-neutral logistic solutions in major cities by 2030. The EU states that new vehicle technology includes engines, materials and design, traffic planning and use of purer forms of energy through new drivelines and alternative fuels. All of these are priority areas in the Volvo Group.