SEK M 2013 2012
Net sales 265,420 292,198
Cost of sales (209,307) (227,745)
Gross income 56,113 64,454
   Gross margin, % 21.1 22.1
     
Research and development expenses (15,124) (14,635)
Selling expenses (26,904) (26,230)
Administrative expenses (5,824) (5,535)
Other operating income and expenses (2,710) (1,538)
Income (loss) from investments in joint ventures and associated companies 96 99
Income from other investments (31) (42)
Operating income (loss) Industrial Operations 5,616 16,573
     
   Operating margin, % 2.1 5.7