SEK M 2011  2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001
Net sales 303,589 257,375 208,487 294,932 276,795 249,020 231,191 202,171 174,768 177,080 180,615
Cost of sales (231,516) (197,480) (179,578) (232,247) (214,160) (192,400) (180,823) (158,453) (141,256) (145,453) (149,477)
Gross income 72,073 59,895 28,909 62,685 62,635 56,620 50,368 43,718 33,512 31,627 31,138
                       
Research and development expenses (13,276) (12,970) (13,193) (14,348) (11,059) (8,354) (7,557) (7,614) (6,829) (5,869) (5,391)
Selling expenses (24,383) (22,649) (23,752) (25,597) (24,671) (19,999) (19,616) (18,317) (15,891) (15,393) (14,663)
Administrative expenses (7,105) (5,640) (5,838) (6,921) (7,092) (6,481) (6,147) (5,310) (5,259) (5,464) (6,474)
Other operating income and expenses (1,045) (659) (2,432) (1,457) 249 (3,275) (397) 7 (540) (2,989) (3,071)
Income from Volvo Financial Services 2,033 1,365 926 490 325
Income (loss) from investments in associated companies (82) (86) (15) 23 428 61 (568) 2 166 126 (86)
Income from other investments (225) (57) (13) 69 93 141 37 828 (3,581) 309 1,408
Restructuring costs (3,862)
Operating income (loss) 25,957 17,834 (16,333) 14,454 20,583 18,713 18,153 14,679 2,504 2,837 (676)